Warming temperatures put women at risk of giving birth early, study says

Scientists this week say they’ve found preliminary proof that women who use birth control pills have distinctions in their mind structure contrasted to women that don’t. Some types of birth control will start functioning right away, like condoms and also copper IUDs. Researchers state a once-a-month birth control tablet functions on pigs.

Birth name

“Née” and “Né” redirect here. For other uses, see Née (disambiguation). For its use on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Biographies#Names.

Where births are required to be officially registered, the entire name entered onto a births register or birth certificate may by that fact alone become the person’s legal name.[1] The assumption in the Western world is often that the name from birth (or perhaps from baptism or brit milah) will persist to adulthood in the normal course of affairs—either throughout life, or until marriage. Some possible changes concern middle names, diminutive forms, and changes relating to parental status (due to one’s parents’ divorce, or adoption by different parents). Matters are very different in some cultures in which a birth name is for childhood only, rather than for life.

The term “dead name” is sometimes used to refer to the birth names of transgender people that have been changed to match their gender identity as part of their transitioning.[2][3]

Maiden and married names [edit]

“De domo” redirects here. For other uses, see De domo (disambiguation).
Main article: Maiden and married names

The French and English-adopted terms née and né (/neɪ/; French: [ne]; from French né[e], meaning ‘born’)[a] have been used to indicate maiden or married names.[4] The term née, having feminine grammatical gender, can be used to denote a woman’s surname at birth that has been replaced or changed. In most English-speaking cultures, it is specifically applied to a woman’s maiden name after her surname has changed due to marriage.[5] The term né, having masculine grammatical gender, can likewise be used to denote a man’s surname at birth which has subsequently been changed or replaced.[6] The diacritic marks (the acute accent) are considered significant to its spelling, and ultimately its meaning, but are sometimes omitted.[6] According to Oxford University’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage, the terms are typically placed after the second surname (e.g. ‘Ann Smith née Jones’ or ‘Adam Smith né Jones’).[7][6] Because they are terms adopted into English from French, they do not have to be italicized, but often are.[7]

In Polish tradition, the term de domo (literally meaning “of house” in Latin) may be used, with rare exceptions meaning the same as née. [b]


  • ^ Both née and né are pronounced the same. The second ‘e’ in née is silent.
  • ^ In historical contexts “de domo” may refer to a Polish Heraldic clan, e.g., “Paulus de Glownia nobilis de domo Godzamba” (Paul of Glownia noble family, of Godziemba coat of arms). See also De domo (disambiguation).
  • References[edit]

  • ^ “French administration must routinely use woman’s maiden name in letters”. The Connexion. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014. Laws have existed since the French Revolution stating that ‘no citizen can use a first name or surname other than that written on their birth certificate’ – but many official organisations address both partners by the husband’s surname..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  • ^ Caldwell, Leo (31 March 2016). “3 Reasons I Won’t Use the Term ‘Dead Name'”. Huffington Post.
  • ^ Tran, Robin (31 August 2015). “Why I Still Use my “Dead Name” When Referring to Myself in the Past”. xoJane: Women’s Lifestyle & Community Site – xoJane.
  • ^ Waddingham, Anne (2014). New Hart’s Rules: The Oxford Style Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199570027.
  • ^ “née – definition of née in English from the Oxford dictionary”.
  • ^ a b c Butterfield, Jeremy (10 March 2016). Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191062308.
  • ^ a b Garner, Bryan (11 March 2016). Garner’s Modern English Usage. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190491505.

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